Apollinaire, Guillaume

(Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzy)
   A poet, novelist, dramatist, and art and literary critic who is believed to have coined the term "surrealist," Guillaume Apollinaire, as he is known, was a leader of the avant-garde in paris in the early 20th century. Born wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzy, in Rome, the natural son of an italian officer and Angelica de Kostrowitzy, the daughter of a Polish noble in the papal court, Apollinaire studied for a time in schools in Cannes and Nice before settling in Paris (1902). After some minor jobs there, he took a post as a tutor in the Rhineland, which allowed him to travel throughout Germany and Austria-Hungary. Upon returning to Paris, he submitted his writings to various literary revues (La Revue blanche, La Plume) and became a friend of several symbolist writers. in 1909, his first book, L'Enchanteur pourrisant, was published. in the symbolist spirit, it reflects the idea that the imagination is the source of all ideas. Apollinaire also championed cubism and the cubists, and was a friend of many artists, including Picasso, and wrote of their works (Les Peintres cubistes, méditations esthétiques, 1913). He was fascinated by the relationship among the arts, especially poetry and painting, and his own poems are themselves very pictorial (Calligrames: poèmes de la paix et de la guerre, 1918). Apollinaire's writings also reflect his fascination with the modern world. The Eiffel Tower, airplanes, and cosmopolitanism are among the motifs in his great collection, Alcools, poèmes (1913). In his novel, Le Poète assassiné (1913), he rejected 19th-century realism and wrote a work of fantasy and satire. His play Les Mamelles de Tirésias (1917) anticipates both surrealism and the theater of the absurd. it had a significant influence on such dramatists as Artaud and Ionesco. Apollinare, who was wildly inconsistent in all but one thing—his intellectual commitment to the avant-garde—lived a life of controversy (it was typical of him that he spent a few days in jail on suspicion of having stolen the Mona Lisa). And it was characteristic also of him that he should have died two days before the armistice of World War I — of influenza in the 1918 pandemic. Apollinaire's other works include the novels L'Hérésiarque et Cie (1910), La Bestiare ou Cortège d'Orphée (1911) and La Femme assise (1920), a collection of poems (Vitam impendere amore, 1917) and Le Flâneur des deux rives (1917). His Oeuvres complètes was published in 1966.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Apollinaire, Guillaume — ► (1880 1918) Poeta francés de origen polaco. Seudónimo de Guillaume de Kostrowitsky. En 1913 fundó Alcoholes, que ha sido considerada una obra fundamental en la evolución de la poesía contemporánea. Aplicó nuevas técnicas: el verso libre, la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Apollinaire, Guillaume — orig. Guillelmus (or Wilhelm) Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky born Aug. 26, 1880, Rome?, Italy died Nov. 9, 1918, Paris, Fr. French poet of Polish Italian birth. Arriving in Paris at age 20, Apollinaire always kept his early years obscure. In his… …   Universalium

  • Apollinaire,Guillaume — A·pol·li·naire (ə pŏl ə nârʹ), Guillaume. Originally Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky. 1880 1918. French poet and leading figure in avant garde literary and artistic circles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Apollinaire Guillaume — …   Википедия

  • Apollinaire, Guillaume —  (1880–1918) French writer and critic; born Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Apollinaire, Guillaume — pseud. di Kostrowitzky, Wilhelm Apollinaris de …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Apollinaire — Apollinaire, Guillaume …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guillaume Apollinaire — en 1914. Nombre completo Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apolinary Kostrowicki …   Wikipedia Español

  • Apollinaire — Guillaume Apollinaire (ursprünglich Wilhelm Albert Vladimir Apollinaris de Wąż Kostrowitcky, * 26. August 1880 in Rom; † 9. November 1918 in Paris) war ein französischer Autor italienisch polnischer Abstammung. Er gilt heute, vor allem mit seiner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guillaume — Guillaume, Charles Édouard Guillaume, G. Paul * * * (as used in expressions) Apollinaire, Guillaume Crèvecoeur, Michel Guillaume Saint Jean de Dufay, Guillaume Dupuytren, Guillaume Gide, André (Paul Guillaume) Guillaume d Auvergne …   Enciclopedia Universal

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